This project will standardise data inputs from all air pollution monitoring stations in Australia and will build a database containing all historical and current observations, such as particulate matter of 2.5 ¬µm (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO), sulphates (SO2), ozone (O3) and ultrafine particles (UFP).
Data will then be used in exposure models that accommodate predictors from chemical transport modelling, satellite, weather and traffic observations and land use and vegetation data to estimate exposures at high spatial and temporal resolution. These exposure data will be combined with age- and cause-specific mortality in sufficiently populated areas.
The harmonised and integrated air pollution and health datasets will help inform policy makers, epidemiologists and public sector agencies.
Who is this project for?
- Research organisations
- Public sector agencies
- Government (state and commonwealth)
- Polluting industries
What does this project enable?
With access to linked pollution and health data sets, polluting mining and industrial operations will be able to estimate the health impacts of their activities under various pollution mitigation scenarios. The proposed data asset will be made available to all relevant industries so that they can be informed about the cost benefits of emissions reductions. Government agencies are required to regulate emissions from industry and weigh these against economic development and the social benefits of employment and productivity. We recently demonstrated that anthropogenic PM2.5 results in about 2600 premature deaths annually among all Australians, with a life expectancy cost of $6.1 billion based on the value of a statistical life year. These linked data sets will facilitate such calculations at all spatial scales in Australia, providing clear and abundant evidence for government policies regarding the economy and the environment. Socially, the evidence from the use of these data by public and research organisations will promote a widespread understanding of the health risks of continued intensive use of motor vehicles, notwithstanding the environmental risks.
- Collaborative Environment for Scholarly Research and Analysis (CoESRA)
- Centre for Air pollution, energy and health Research (CAR) Data Analysis Technology (DAT) – CARDAT
- Full project title: Integrated national air pollution and health data