CARE Principles

Does your research involve handling, managing and/or analysing Indigenous data? If so, you should consider applying the CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance.

What Are the CARE Principles?

In the context of the rise of the FAIR Principles in the community of international data infrastructure builders, the Global Indigenous Data Alliance (GIDA) formulated the CARE Principles to address a clear deficit in FAIR regarding Indigenous peoples rights and interests. ‘CARE’ is the acronym for:

Collective benefits

Data ecosystems shall be designed and function in ways that enable Indigenous peoples to derive benefit from the data.

Authority to control

Indigenous peoples’ rights and interests in Indigenous data must be recognised and their authority to control such data be empowered.


Those working with Indigenous data have a responsibility to share how those data are used to support Indigenous peoples’ self-determination and collective benefit.


Indigenous peoples’ rights and wellbeing should be the primary concern at all stages of the data life cycle and across the data ecosystem.


An infographic reading “Be F A I R and C A R E;” “F A I R” stands for findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable; “C A R E” stands for collective benefit, authority to control, responsibility and ethics.
Image source: GIDA

The CARE Principles reflect the crucial role of data in advancing Indigenous innovation and self-determination. They ensure that data movements like the open data movement, whatever they’re advocating and pursuing, respect the people and purpose behind the data.

The CARE Principles complement the existing FAIR Principles, which require data to be findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable. While the FAIR Principles are about making it easier to share and reuse data, the CARE Principles ensure that data is used ethically.

A Global Standard

The CARE Principles were drafted at the Indigenous Data Sovereignty Principles for the Governance of Indigenous Data Workshop, co-hosted by the International Data Week and the Research Data Alliance Plenary on 8 November 2018 in Gaborone, Botswana. Not only can they apply to research involving Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Australians, but they can also support research related to South Pacific Islanders and other Indigenous peoples.

More on CARE

This page is adapted from the GIDA’s page for the CARE Principles and the Australian Text Analytics Platform’s (ATAP) page about FAIR and CARE. For a more detailed breakdown of the CARE Principles, please visit the GIDA page.

To follow the ARDC’s work around the principles, subscribe to the ARDC Connect newsletter.

If you have any questions about the CARE Principles, please share them with us. We’ll provide you with appropriate support and/or refer you to the right people. Share them with us

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