Understanding Bushfire Behaviour

Nationally aggregating data and models on bushfire history and fuel.
Bushfire research,Bushfire Data Commons,Bushfire statistics,Bushfire behaviour,Understanding bushfire behaviour
The following projects are being/were developed as part of the ARDC’s Bushfire Data Challenges.
Project
Aggregated and harmonised burnt extent fire history data on a national scale
Project lead
Geoscience Australia
Partners
Geoscience Australia, Emergency Management Spatial Information Network Australia

Timeframe

September 2021 to June 2023
Description

This work will establish a nationally aggregated and harmonised data asset on past fires burnt extent boundaries for Australia. Through collaboration between national, state and territory agencies, standardised state and national products would be produced. This work will support the agencies for the supply of datasets on geospatial boundaries of past fires, to fill a long-standing gap and demand for national fire history datasets. With improved satellite imagery data supply and cloud computing processing power, a satellite derived historical fire history for the nation would be created as well. This work will support bushfire research as well as National Emergency Management, National Fire Danger Ratings System and associated risk management operations.

Project
Aggregating and harmonising fuel data on a national scale
Project lead
TERN Ecosystems Research Infrastructure
Partners
TERN, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment

Timeframe

November 2021 to June 2023
Description

Fuel data describes the combustible materials in a defined space and its related attributes such as type, amount, structure and moisture. Accurate estimation of fuel, alongside information about the type of vegetation at a location is key to managing and mitigating bushfire risk. Multiple organisations across different jurisdictions collect and use fuel data. However, there is no coordinated approach and community standards to harmonise, aggregate and share fuel data parameters across different stakeholders. This work will define implementation processes and systems for ongoing sharing of fuel data and related attributes for meeting the needs of multiple stakeholders and to better enable Australia-wide bushfire response and preparedness.

Project
Improving remote sensing fuel data on a national scale
Project lead
Australian National University
Partners
Australian National University

Timeframe

August 2021 to June 2023
Description

The efficient national monitoring of fuel conditions is very important to understand bushfire behaviour and risk, as highlighted by the Bushfire Earth Observation Taskforce, the NSW Bushfire Inquiry and the National Royal Commission for Natural Disaster Arrangements. This work will contribute towards compiling and sharing existing field and remote sensing observations of fuel attributes such as fuel load, structure and moisture in a national database. This national database will be used to improve remote sensing products and will be publicly available to support other research programs. The national fuel attributes databases will have direct benefits to bushfire planning and response given the fuel data will also be readily available for assessing bushfire risk, predicting fire behaviour, informing suppression efforts and planning prescribed burns.

Project
A fire behaviour modelling platform
Project lead
CSIRO
Partners
CSIRO

Timeframe

December 2021 to June 2023
Description

The fire behaviour modelling platform will be a bridge from data acquisition, processing and modelling to operation and assessing bushfire risk. The platform will be developed as a proving and testing ground for new data, models and analytics. It will be a collaborative, open environment for researchers, agencies and stakeholders, and it will be open for use by stakeholders for research as well as operational evaluation. The aim is to create a model where there is a clearly articulated process for translating bushfire research into operational use from a predictive modelling perspective.

Project
Framework for sharing bushfire data and tools between jurisdictional agencies
Project lead
Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council Ltd (AFAC)
Partners
AFAC

Timeframe

September 2021 to June 2023
Description

The objective of the project is to deliver a robust and enduring framework to facilitate the development of new understanding of bushfire behaviour through simple access to core data sets. This work will look at technological and trust barriers, and barriers associated with sharing data and tools. AFAC proposes to use its extensive collaboration network to create an enduring capability.

Project
Bushfire research national data collection
Project lead
Natural Hazards Research Australia (NHRA)
Partners
NHRA

Timeframe

March 2022 to June 2023
Description

The project will assemble and manage an accessible national bushfire research data collection. During this project, NHRA will develop a conceptual framework for bushfire research data management, to guide the collection, curation, and management of datasets, and to put in place necessary requirements for access to, and use of, the bushfire research data. A web-based bushfire data catalogue from NHRA projects and some Bushfire & Natural Hazards CRC (BNHCRC) projects will be established.

Project
Aggregated and harmonised fuel data on a national scale
Project lead
Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Authorities Council (AFAC)
Partners
AFAC predictive services data working group and Fuel working group, Fire Predictive Services

Timeframe

March 2022 to June 2023
Description

This project will deliver key elements towards a bushfire fuel data commons, supporting the use of the national fuel data in national bushfire simulation and other fire prediction systems. This includes fuel classification, algorithms used to calculate fuel attributes and frequently updated observed fuel attributes such as load, structure and dryness.

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